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Table 2 Pregnancy outcomes

From: Delivery outcomes in women with congenital heart disease: results from the Cuban National Programme for pregnancy and heart disease

  Singleton CHD pregnancies (n = 464) Twin CHD pregnancies (n = 3)
Duration of pregnancy (weeks) 39.1 (38.6–40.0) 37 (36–38)
Outcome of pregnancy
 Live birth 463 (99) 6 (100)
 Stillbirth 1 (< 1) 0 (0)
  Live births (n = 463) Live births (n = 6)
Birth weight (gr) 3200 (2900–3421) a 2710 (2458–2850)
Mode of delivery, n (%)
 Vaginal 308 (66) 0 (0)
 Caesarean section 156 (34) 6 (100)
Indications for caesarean, n (%)
 Cardiovascular indication 30 (19) 0 (0)
 Obstetric indication 126 (81) 3 (100)
Maternal cardiovascular complications, n (%)
 Mitral insufficiency 1 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
 Arrhythmia 1 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
Maternal obstetric complications, n (%)
 Gestational diabetes 35 (8) 1 (33)
 Gestational hypertension 11 (2) 0 (0)
 Pre-eclampsia 2 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
 Thromboembolism 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Haemorrhage 4 (1) 0 (0)
 Haematoma 2 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
 Endometritis 2 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
 Uterine rupture 1 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
 Uterine atony 3 (1) 1 (33)
 Sepsis 2 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
Neonatal complications
 Acute fetal distress 18 (4) 0 (0)
 Preterm birth 22 (5) 2 (33)
 Intrauterine growth restriction 12 (3) 0 (0)
 Small for gestational age 48 (10)a 0 (0)
 Low Apgar score 4 (1) 0 (0)
 Hypoxia 1 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
 Respiratory depression 1 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
 Meconium aspiration syndrome 1 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
 Neonatal jaundice 3 (1) 0 (0)
 Congenital cardiac defects 3 (1) 0 (0)
 Other fetal malformations 2 (< 0.5) 0 (0)
 Post-natal mortality 0 (0) 0 (0)
  1. Pregnancy outcomes for 467 CHD pregnancies managed by the Programme 2000–2017. aBirth weight and consequently small-for-gestational-age results were only available for 462 neonates. Continuous data is presented as median (interquartile range)