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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Delivery outcomes in women with congenital heart disease: results from the Cuban National Programme for pregnancy and heart disease

  CHD pregnancies (n = 467)
Age (years)a 25 (21–29)
Province of origin, n (%)
 Pinar del Rio 12 (3)
 Artemisa 28 (6)
 Havana 330 (71)
 Mayabeque 20 (4)
 Matanzas 15 (3)
 Cienfuegos 3 (1)
 Villa Clara 2(< 0.5)
 Sancti Spiritus 4 (1)
 Ciego de Avila 7 (1)
 Camaguey 8 (2)
 Las Tunas 6 (1)
 Granma 12 (3)
 Holguin 7 (1)
 Santiago de Cuba 3 (1)
 Guantanamo 6 (1)
 Isla de la Juventud 3 (1)
 Other (Venezuela) 1 (< 0.5)
Diagnosis, n (%)
 mWHO I 333 (71)
 Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) - repaired 33 (7)
 Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) - unrepaired 57 (12)
 Atrioventricular Septal Defect (AVSD) - repaired 3 (1)
 Atrioventricular Septal Defects (AVSD) - unrepaired 3 (1)
 Bicuspid aortic valve 5 (1)
 Other 29 (6)
 Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) - repaired 7 (1)
 Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) - unrepaired 17 (4)
 Pulmonary stenosis - repaired 11 (2)
 Pulmonary stenosis (mild-moderate) - unrepaired 52 (11)
 Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) - repaired 3 (1)
 Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) - unrepaired 113 (24)
 mWHO II 81 (17)
 Coarctation of the aorta - repaired 26 (6)
 Coarctation of the aorta (mild-moderate) - unrepaired 14 (3)
 Tetralogy of Fallot - repaired 41 (9)
 mWHO III 47 (10)
 Aortic stenosis 2 (< 0.5)
 Congenitally corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries (cTGA) 2 (< 0.5)
 Ebstein’s anomaly 14 (3)
 Fontan 3 (1)
 Pulmonary regurgitation (mild – moderate) - unrepaired 4 (1)
 Pulmonary stenosis (severe) -unrepaired 5 (1)
 Sub-aortic stenosis - repaired 3 (1)
 Sub-aortic stenosis – unrepaired 9 (2)
 Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA) – arterial switch 5 (1)
 mWHO IV 6 (1)
 Pulmonary Hypertension 4 (1)
 Severe coarctation of the aorta - unrepaired 2 (< 0.5)
Co-morbidities
 Yes 4 (1)
 No 463 (99)
Functional status at the start of pregnancy, n (%)
 I 453 (97)
 II 14 (3)
 III 0 (0)
 IV 0 (0)
Arrhythmias, n (%)
 Yes 27 (6)
 No 440 (94)
Left ventricular function, n (%)
 Normal (> 55%) 463 (99)
 Impaired (< 55%) 4 (1)
  1. Baseline data collected on 467 CHD pregnancies managed by the Programme 2000–2017. aAge was only available for 463 patients. Continuous data is presented as median (interquartile range)